Python minimum version is now 3.5
Meson will from this version on require Python version 3.5 or newer.
Config-Tool based dependencies can be specified in a cross file
Tools like LLVM and pcap use a config tool for dependencies, this is a script or binary that is run to get configuration information (cflags, ldflags, etc) from.
These binaries may now be specified in the
binaries section of a
[binaries] cc = ... llvm-config = '/usr/bin/llvm-config32'
Visual Studio C# compiler support
In addition to the Mono C# compiler we also support Visual Studio's C# compiler. Currently this is only supported on the Ninja backend.
Removed two deprecated features
find_library function has been a no-op for a long
time. Starting with this version it becomes a hard error.
There used to be a keywordless version of
run_target which looked
run_target('targetname', 'command', 'arg1', 'arg2')
This is now an error. The correct format for this is now:
run_target('targetname', command : ['command', 'arg1', 'arg2'])
Experimental FPGA support
This version adds support for generating, analysing and uploading FPGA
programs using the IceStorm
toolchain. This support is
experimental and is currently limited to the
iCE 40 series of FPGA
FPGA generation integrates with other parts of Meson seamlessly. As an example, here is an example project that compiles a simple firmware into Verilog and combines that with an lm32 softcore processor.
Generator outputs can preserve directory structure
Normally when generating files with a generator, Meson flattens the input files so they all go in the same directory. Some code generators, such as Protocol Buffers, require that the generated files have the same directory layout as the input files used to generate them. This can now be achieved like this:
g = generator(...) # Compiles protobuf sources generated = gen.process('com/mesonbuild/one.proto', 'com/mesonbuild/two.proto', preserve_path_from : meson.current_source_dir())
This would cause the following files to be generated inside the target private directory:
com/mesonbuild/one.pb.h com/mesonbuild/one.pb.cc com/mesonbuild/two.pb.h com/mesonbuild/two.pb.cc
Hexadecimal string literals
Hexadecimal integer literals can now be used in build and option files.
int_255 = 0xFF
b_ndebug : if-release
if-release can be given for the
b_ndebug project option.
This will make the
NDEBUG pre-compiler macro to be defined for
release type builds as if the
b_ndebug project option had the
true defined for it.
install_data() defaults to
install_data() is not given an
install_dir keyword argument, the
target directory defaults to
install_subdir() supports strip_directory
If strip_directory=true install_subdir() installs directory contents instead of directory itself, stripping basename of the source directory.
There is a new integer option type with optional minimum and maximum
values. It can be specified like this in the
option('integer_option', type : 'integer', min : 0, max : 5, value : 3)
New method meson.project_license()
meson builtin object now has a
project_license() method that
returns a list of all licenses for the project.
Cross-compilation is now supported for Rust targets. Like other
cross-compilers, the Rust binary must be specified in your cross file.
It should specify a
--target (as installed by
rustup target) and a
custom linker pointing to your C cross-compiler. For example:
[binaries] c = '/usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc-7' rust = [ 'rustc', '--target', 'arm-unknown-linux-gnueabihf', '-C', 'linker=/usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc-7', ]
Rust compiler-private library disambiguation
When building a Rust target with Rust library dependencies, an
--extern argument is now specified to avoid ambiguity between the
dependency library, and any crates of the same name in
Meson ships with predefined project templates. To start a new project from scratch, simply go to an empty directory and type:
meson init --name=myproject --type=executable --language=c
Improve test setup selection
Test setups are now identified (also) by the project they belong to
and it is possible to select the used test setup from a specific
project. E.g. to use a test setup
some_setup from project
some_project for all executed tests one can use
meson test --setup some_project:some_setup
Should one rather want test setups to be used from the same project as where the current test itself has been defined, one can use just
meson test --setup some_setup
In the latter case every (sub)project must have a test setup
defined in it.
Can use custom targets as Windows resource files
compile_resources() function of the
windows module can now be
used on custom targets as well as regular files.
Can promote dependencies with wrap command
promote command makes it easy to copy nested dependencies to the
meson wrap promote scommon
This will search the project tree for a subproject called
and copy it to the top level.
If there are many embedded subprojects with the same name, you have to specify which one to promote manually like this:
meson wrap promote subprojects/s1/subprojects/scommon
Yielding subproject option to superproject
Normally project options are specific to the current project. However
sometimes you want to have an option whose value is the same over all
projects. This can be achieved with the new
yield keyword for
options. When set to
true, getting the value of this option in
meson.build files gets the value from the option with the same name
in the master project (if such an option exists).
The results of the search are