Qt6 module

New in Meson 0.57.0

The Qt5 module provides tools to automatically deal with the various tools and steps required for Qt.

compile_resources

New in 0.59.0

Compiles Qt's resources collection files (.qrc) into c++ files for compilation.

It takes no positional arguments, and the following keyword arguments:

  • name (string | empty): if provided a single .cpp file will be generated, and the output of all qrc files will be combined in this file, otherwise each qrc file be written to it's own cpp file.
  • sources (File | string | custom_target | custom_target index | generator_output)[]: A list of sources to be transpiled. Required, must have at least one source New in 0.60.0: support for custom_target, custom_target_index, and generator_output.
  • extra_args string[]: Extra arguments to pass directly to qt-rcc
  • method string: The method to use to detect qt, see dependency() for more information.

compile_ui

New in 0.59.0

Compiles Qt's ui files (.ui) into header files.

It takes no positional arguments, and the following keyword arguments:

  • sources (File | string | custom_target | custom_target index | generator_output)[]: A list of sources to be transpiled. Required, must have at least one source New in 0.60.0: support for custom_target, custom_target_index, and generator_output.
  • extra_args string[]: Extra arguments to pass directly to qt-uic
  • method string: The method to use to detect qt, see dependency() for more information.

compile_moc

New in 0.59.0

Compiles Qt's moc files (.moc) into header and/or source files. At least one of the keyword arguments headers and sources must be provided.

It takes no positional arguments, and the following keyword arguments:

  • sources (File | string | custom_target | custom_target index | generator_output)[]: A list of sources to be transpiled into .moc files for manual inclusion. New in 0.60.0: support for custom_target, custom_target_index, and generator_output.
  • headers (File | string | custom_target | custom_target index | generator_output)[]: A list of headers to be transpiled into .cpp files New in 0.60.0: support for custom_target, custom_target_index, and generator_output.
  • extra_args string[]: Extra arguments to pass directly to qt-moc
  • method string: The method to use to detect qt, see dependency() for more information.
  • include_directories (string | IncludeDirectory)[]: A list of include_directory() objects used when transpiling the .moc files

preprocess

Consider using compile_resources, compile_ui, and compile_moc instead.

Takes sources for moc, uic, and rcc, and converts them into c++ files for compilation.

Has the following signature: qt.preprocess(name: str | None, *sources: str)

If the name parameter is passed then all of the rcc files will be written to a single output file

The variadic sources arguments have been deprecated since Meson 0.59.0, as has the sources keyword argument. These passed files unmodified through the preprocessor, don't do this, just add the output of the generator to another sources list:

sources = files('a.cpp', 'main.cpp', 'bar.c')
sources += qt.preprocess(qresources : ['resources'])

This method takes the following keyword arguments:

  • qresources (string | File)[]: Passed to the RCC compiler
  • ui_files: (string | File | CustomTarget)[]: Passed the uic compiler
  • moc_sources: (string | File | CustomTarget)[]: Passed the moc compiler. These are converted into .moc files meant to be #includeed
  • moc_headers: (string | File | CustomTarget)[]: Passied the moc compiler. These will be converted into .cpp files
  • include_directories (IncludeDirectories | string)[], the directories to add to header search path for moc
  • moc_extra_arguments string[]: any additional arguments to moc. Since v0.44.0.
  • uic_extra_arguments string[]: any additional arguments to uic. Since v0.49.0.
  • rcc_extra_arguments string[]: any additional arguments to rcc. Since v0.49.0.
  • dependencies Dependency[]: dependency objects needed by moc. Available since v0.48.0.
  • sources: a list of extra sources, which are added to the output unchanged. Deprecated in 0.59.0.

It returns an array of targets and sources to pass to a compilation target.

compile_translations (since v0.44.0)

This method generates the necessary targets to build translation files with lrelease, it takes no positional arguments, and the following keyword arguments:

  • ts_files (File | string | custom_target | custom_target index | generator_output)[]: the list of input translation files produced by Qt's lupdate tool. New in 0.60.0: support for custom_target, custom_target_index, and generator_output.
  • install bool: when true, this target is installed during the install step (optional).
  • install_dir string: directory to install to (optional).
  • build_by_default bool: when set to true, to have this target be built by default, that is, when invoking meson compile; the default value is false (optional).
  • qresource string: rcc source file to extract ts_files from; cannot be used with ts_files kwarg. Available since v0.56.0.
  • rcc_extra_arguments string[]: any additional arguments to rcc (optional), when used with `qresource. Available since v0.56.0.

Returns either: a list of custom targets for the compiled translations, or, if using a qresource file, a single custom target containing the processed source file, which should be passed to a main build target.

has_tools

This method returns true if all tools used by this module are found, false otherwise.

It should be used to compile optional Qt code:

qt5 = import('qt5')
if qt5.has_tools(required: get_option('qt_feature'))
  moc_files = qt5.preprocess(...)
  ...
endif

This method takes the following keyword arguments:

  • required bool | FeatureOption: by default, required is set to false. If required is set to true or an enabled feature and some tools are missing Meson will abort.
  • method string: method used to find the Qt dependency (auto by default).

Since: 0.54.0

Dependencies

See Qt dependencies

The 'modules' argument is used to include Qt modules in the project. See the Qt documentation for the list of modules.

The 'private_headers' argument allows usage of Qt's modules private headers. (since v0.47.0)

Example

A simple example would look like this:

qt5 = import('qt5')
qt5_dep = dependency('qt5', modules: ['Core', 'Gui'])
inc = include_directories('includes')
moc_files = qt5.compile_moc(headers : 'myclass.h',
                            extra_arguments: ['-DMAKES_MY_MOC_HEADER_COMPILE'],
                            include_directories: inc,
                            dependencies: qt5_dep)
translations = qt5.compile_translations(ts_files : 'myTranslation_fr.ts', build_by_default : true)
executable('myprog', 'main.cpp', 'myclass.cpp', moc_files,
           include_directories: inc,
           dependencies : qt5_dep)

Sometimes, translations are embedded inside the binary using qresource files. In this case the ts files do not need to be explicitly listed, but will be inferred from the built qm files listed in the qresource file. For example:

qt5 = import('qt5')
qt5_dep = dependency('qt5', modules: ['Core', 'Gui'])
lang_cpp = qt5.compile_translations(qresource: 'lang.qrc')
executable('myprog', 'main.cpp', lang_cpp,
           dependencies: qt5_dep)

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