New features

Allow early return from a script

Added the function subdir_done(). Its invocation exits the current script at the point of invocation. All previously invoked build targets and commands are build/executed. All following ones are ignored. If the current script was invoked via subdir() the parent script continues normally.

Log output slightly changed

The format of some human-readable diagnostic messages has changed in minor ways. In case you are parsing these messages, you may need to adjust your code.

ARM compiler for C and CPP

Cross-compilation is now supported for ARM targets using ARM compiler - ARMCC. The current implementation does not support shareable libraries. The default extension of the output is .axf. The environment path should be set properly for the ARM compiler executables. The '--cpu' option with the appropriate target type should be mentioned in the cross file as shown in the snippet below.

[properties]
c_args      = ['--cpu=Cortex-M0plus']
cpp_args    = ['--cpu=Cortex-M0plus']

Building both shared and static libraries

A new function both_libraries() has been added to build both shared and static libraries at the same time. Source files will be compiled only once and object files will be reused to build both shared and static libraries, unless b_staticpic user option or pic argument are set to false in which case sources will be compiled twice.

The returned buildtarget object always represents the shared library.

Compiler object can now be passed to run_command()

This can be used to run the current compiler with the specified arguments to obtain additional information from it. One of the use cases is to get the location of development files for the GCC plugins:

cc = meson.get_compiler('c')
result = run_command(cc, '-print-file-name=plugin')
plugin_dev_path = result.stdout().strip()

declare_dependency() supports link_whole parameter. link_whole propagates to build target that uses dependency.

Old command names are now errors

Old executable names mesonintrospect, mesonconf, mesonrewriter and mesontest have been deprecated for a long time. Starting from this version they no longer do anything but instead always error out. All functionality is available as subcommands in the main meson binary.

Meson and meson configure now accept the same arguments

Previously meson required that builtin arguments (like prefix) be passed as --prefix to meson and -Dprefix to meson configure. meson now accepts -D form like meson configure has. meson configure also accepts the --prefix form, like meson has.

Recursively extract objects

recursive keyword argument has been added to extract_all_objects. When set to true it will also return objects passed to the objects argument of this target. By default only objects built for this target are returned to maintain backward compatibility with previous versions. The default will eventually be changed to true in a future version.

lib1 = static_library('a', 'source.c', objects : 'prebuilt.o')
lib2 = static_library('b', objects : lib1.extract_all_objects(recursive : true))

Can override find_program

It is now possible to override the result of find_program to point to a custom program you want. The overriding is global and applies to every subproject from there on. Here is how you would use it.

In master project

subproject('mydep')

In the called subproject:

prog = find_program('my_custom_script')
meson.override_find_program('mycodegen', prog)

In master project (or, in fact, any subproject):

genprog = find_program('mycodegen')

Now genprog points to the custom script. If the dependency had come from the system, then it would point to the system version.

You can also use the return value of configure_file() to override a program in the same way as above:

prog_script = configure_file(input : 'script.sh.in',
                             output : 'script.sh',
                             configuration : cdata)
meson.override_find_program('mycodegen', prog_script)

A new set of methods has been added on compiler objects to test if the linker supports given arguments.

  • has_link_argument()
  • has_multi_link_arguments()
  • get_supported_link_arguments()
  • first_supported_link_argument()

"meson help" now shows command line help

Command line parsing is now less surprising. "meson help" is now equivalent to "meson --help" and "meson help " is equivalent to "meson --help", instead of creating a build directory called "help" in these cases.

Autogeneration of simple meson.build files

A feature to generate a meson.build file compiling given C/C++ source files into a single executable has been added to "meson init". By default, it will take all recognizable source files in the current directory. You can also specify a list of dependencies with the -d flag and automatically invoke a build with the -b flag to check if the code builds with those dependencies.

For example,

meson init -fbd sdl2,gl

will look for C or C++ files in the current directory, generate a meson.build for them with the dependencies of sdl2 and gl and immediately try to build it, overwriting any previous meson.build and build directory.

install_data() supports rename

rename parameter is used to change names of the installed files. In order to install

  • file1.txt into share/myapp/dir1/data.txt
  • file2.txt into share/myapp/dir2/data.txt
install_data(['file1.txt', 'file2.txt'],
             rename : ['dir1/data.txt', 'dir2/data.txt'],
             install_dir : 'share/myapp')

Support for lcc compiler for e2k (Elbrus) architecture

In this version, a support for lcc compiler for Elbrus processors based on e2k microarchitecture has been added.

Examples of such CPUs:

Such compiler have a similar behavior as gcc (basic option compatibility), but, in is not strictly compatible with gcc as of current version.

Major differences as of version 1.21.22:

  • it does not support LTO and PCH;
  • it suffers from the same dependency file creation error as icc;
  • it has minor differences in output, especially version output;
  • it differently reacts to lchmod() detection;
  • some backend messages are produced in ru_RU.KOI8-R even if LANG=C;
  • its preprocessor treats some characters differently.

So every noted difference is properly handled now in meson.

String escape character sequence update

Single-quoted strings in meson have been taught the same set of escape sequences as in Python. It is therefore now possible to use arbitrary bytes in strings, like for example NUL (\0) and other ASCII control characters. See the chapter about Strings in Syntax for more details.

Potential backwards compatibility issue: Any valid escape sequence according to the new rules will be interpreted as an escape sequence instead of the literal characters. Previously only the following escape sequences were supported in single-quote strings: \', \\ and \n.

Note that the behaviour of triple-quoted (multiline) strings has not changed. They behave like raw strings and do not support any escape sequences.

New forcefallback wrap mode

A new wrap mode was added, --wrap-mode=forcefallback. When this is set, dependencies for which a fallback was provided will always use it, even if an external dependency exists and satisfies the version requirements.

Relaxing of target name requirements

In earlier versions of Meson you could only have one target of a given name for each type. For example you could not have two executables named foo. This requirement is now relaxed so that you can have multiple targets with the same name, as long as they are in different subdirectories.

Note that projects that have multiple targets with the same name can not be built with the flat layout or any backend that writes outputs in the same directory.

Addition of OpenMP dependency

An OpenMP dependency (openmp) has been added that encapsulates the various flags used by compilers to enable OpenMP and checks for the existence of the omp.h header. The language keyword may be passed to force the use of a specific compiler for the checks.

Added new partial_dependency method to dependencies and libraries

It is now possible to use only part of a dependency in a target. This allows, for example, to only use headers with convenience libraries to avoid linking to the same library multiple times.


dep = dependency('xcb')

helper = static_library(
  'helper',
  ['helper1.c', 'helper2.c'],
  dependencies : dep.partial_dependency(includes : true),
]

final = shared_library(
  'final',
  ['final.c'],
  dependencyes : dep,
)

A partial dependency will have the same name version as the full dependency it is derived from, as well as any values requested.

Improved generation of pkg-config files for static only libraries.

Previously pkg-config files generated by the pkgconfig modules for static libraries with dependencies could only be used in a dependencies with static: true.

Now the generated file contains the needed dependencies libraries directly within Requires and Libs for build static libraries passed via the libraries keyword argument.

Projects that install both a static and a shared version of a library should use the result of both_libraries to the pkg config file generator or use configure_file for more complicated setups.

Improvements to pkgconfig module

A StaticLibrary or SharedLibrary object can optionally be passed as first positional argument of the generate() method. If one is provided a default value will be provided for all required fields of the pc file:

  • install_dir is set to pkgconfig folder in the same location than the provided library.
  • description is set to the project's name followed by the library's name.
  • name is set to the library's name.

Generating a .pc file is now as simple as:

pkgconfig.generate(mylib)

pkgconfig.generate() requires parameters non-string arguments

pkgconfig.generate() requires and requires_private parameters accept pkgconfig-dependencies and libraries that pkgconfig-files were generated for.

Generic python module

This is a revamped and generic (python 2 and 3) version of the python3 module. With this new interface, projects can now fully specify the version of python they want to build against / install sources to, and can do so against multiple major or minor versions in parallel.

test now supports depends keyword parameter

Build targets and custom targets can be listed in depends argument of test function. These targets will be built before test is run even if they have build_by_default : false.

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